A protection visa can protect your core rights if you have reasons to fear persecution. If you are in the country and would like to seek protection, you might be eligible for this visa. In general, you can apply for the document if you are in Australia through legal means. When you obtain the visa, you will not need to return to the dangerous situation in your home country. If you believe that you will be under significant risk due to factors like religion, political opinions and race, you should lodge an application for refugee protection.